(The chart and info are not meant to be legal advice.)

 Factors to Consider Possible Fair Use Probably Need Permission
Purpose and Character of Work Noncommercial, Educational, Scholarly, Newsworthy Commercial, Entertainment
Nature of the Work Factual, Based on Public Documents Creative
Degree of Use Small Portion of  Work Copied Entire Work copied
Portion Used
Compared to Length of Work
Small % used Large % used
Exposure Single Use, Small Audience Multiple Use, Large Public Audience
Premeditation Spontaneous Systematic, Continuing
Honesty of Use Good Faith, Credit to Owner Deception, Dishonesty

Fairuse info, Warhol’s Images, NY Times - March 29, 2022
‘Star Trek’ and Dr. Seuss Mash-Up Not Protected, Court Rules, a copyright infringement claim, NY Times - Dec 21, 2020
Europe Adopts Tough New Online Copyright Rules Over Tech Industry Protests, NY Times - March 26, 2019.
Are copyright laws too strict?, New Yorker - October 20, 2014.
Copyright Ruling, Chronicle of Higher Ed - May 15, 2012.
Seeks to Solve Librarians’ VHS-Cassette Problem - article in online CHE - January 25, 2012.
Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Academic and Research Libraries - January 2012.
"3-D" Printer and Copyright - article in the NYTimes, Nov 14, 2011, page B8.
Copyright and the World's Most Popular Song: Happy Birthday, and 2013 ruling Copyright Clearance Center: easy-to-use solutions for permission to re-use content.
Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA): Links to Fair Use Articles on the MPAA site.

"Whenever a copyright law is to be made or altered, then the idiots assemble." from Mark Twain's Notebook, 1902-1903. See twainquotes.com.

The chart and info are not meant to be legal advice.
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